Antisense TIF3 reverses the oncogenic potential of CdCl_2-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells
Lei Yixiong Pius Joseph Wu Zhongliang Tong-man Ong Institute for Chemical Carcinogenesis, Guangzhou Medical College, Guangzhou 510182, China
TIF3 (GenBank Accession Number AF 271072) is identified as a novel cadmium- responsive proto-oncogene. In order to determine whether the antisense TIF3 reverses the oncogenic potential of Cd-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells or not, a stable expression system of CdCl 2-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells with the expression vector containing TIF3 cDNA in the antisense orientation using calcium phosphate and G418 selection protocols is firstly established. Then, the reversal of the oncogenic potential of these cells is tested by soft agar and nude mouse tumorigenicity assay. The results demonstrated that expression of the antisense TIF3 in the CdCl 2-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells results in reversal of the transformed phenotype of the cells. This is evidenced by a 25%-70% decrease in the number of anchorage-independent colonies growing on soft agar and the significant reduced tumorigenic potential of cells in nude mice compared with the corresponding controls. In addition to a significant delay in the onset of appearance of tumors, a significant reduction in size and a 50.8%-55.1% decrease in weight of the tumors are also observed in the mice injected with the TIF3 antisense expressing cells compared with the corresponding controls. The results indicate that antisense TIF3 mRNA expression reverses its oncogenic potential of Cd-transformed BALB/c-3T3 cells and may have therapeutic potential to cancer induced by cadmium.
【CateGory Index】： R730.2