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《Journal of Wuhan Botanical Research》 2006-01
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Community Structure of Manglietia patungensis in Xiaoxi Natural Reserve,Hunan Province

LI Xiao-Dong~1,HUANG Hong-Wen~1,LI Jian-Qiang~(1*),ZAN Yan-Yan~2(1.Wuhan Botanical Garden,The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan 430074,China;2.Shennongjia National Nature Reserve,Shennongjia,Hubei 442421,China)  
Manglietia patungensis was a rare and endangered species endemic to northwest Hunan Province,southwest Hubei Province and south Chongqing Municipality.The majority of the individuals of M.patungensis inhabited in Xiaoxi Natural Reserve,Hunan Province,where a research plot((1.05 hm~2)) was established in 2003.The plot was divided into two subplots(50 m×50 m and 80 m×100 m),which were divided further into 105 small plots(10 m×10 m).All the trees over(1 cm) in diameter at breast-height(DBH) in the plot were identified,measured,tagged,and mapped.The results showed that the community consisted of 74 woody plant species,belonging to 27 families and 49 genera,and the dominant families were Lauraceae,Fagaceae,Rosaceae and Theaceae.The tree layer could be divided into three sub-layers. In the first sub-layer,dominant species were Liquidambar formosana and M.patungensis.In the second and third sub-layers,dominant species were evergreen species Machilus lichuanensis,Lithocarpus henryi,Schirma argentea and Phoebe hui.The characters of community indicated that Manglietia patungensis was living in typical evergreen broad-leaved forest.The population structures of M.patungensis,Machilus lichuanensis,Lithocarpus henryi,Phoebe hui and Schirma argentea were vigorous types,that of Liquidambar formosana was a senescent type,and that of Machilus lichuanensis in sample I was an adult type.The structure of the whole community was stable.The spatial pattern of Manglietia patungensis was a clumped distribution.The result can be provided scientific information for rebuilding of M.patungensis's community of lost habitat of M.patungensis and destroyed community structure of M.patungensis,resulting in the endangerment of M.patungensis.In order to ensure the populations and individuals of M.patungensis increasing in nature,it is suggested that seed collected should be(limi-)(ted and) seedling dug should be forbidden in Xiaoxi Natural Reserve.
【Fund】: 中国科学院方向性项目(KSCX2-SW-104);; 国家重点基础研究发展规划(973)项目(G2000046806);; 中国科学院武汉植物园知识创新工程园主任基金资助项目(01035107)
【CateGory Index】: Q948.15
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