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《Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences)》 2017-02
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Clinical and pathological features of primary IgA nephropathy in patients of different gender

LI Li-li;WANG A-ni;ZHUANG Jia;SUN Ji-ping;YIN Ai-ping;Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University;Department of Nephrology,the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University;  
Objective To explore the clinical and pathological features of primary IgA nephrology in patients of different gender.Methods The clinical manifestations,laboratory examination and renal pathology results were compared in 192 IgA nephrology patients.Results Not only the onset age of the male patients was older than that of the female ones(P0.05),but also the course of disease before the kidney biopsy of male patients was longer than that of the female ones(P0.05).Besides,the proportion of edema in the male patients was lower(P0.05).The mean arterial pressure,hemoglobin and24 h urine protein levels were higher in the male patients at the time of kidney biopsy.Besides,the proportions of high blood pressure,hyperuricemia and hypertriglyceridemia were all higher in the male patients.Furthermore,eGFR of the male patients was lower than that of the female ones(P0.05).There was a significant difference in the gender distribution of clinical and pathological types(χ~2=12.666,P0.05),and the male and female patients also significantly differed in the 24 h urine protein and CKD grouping(Z=-3.118,Z=-3.246,P0.05).However,there was no significant sex difference in Lee pathology grading or immunofluorescence type(Z =-1.881,χ~2=-0.187,P 0.05).Patients of different gender significantly differed in the renal-interstitial lesions grading(Z=-3.0432,P0.05);to be more specific,the scores of glomerulosclerosis and renal tubule interstitia were higher in the male patients(P0.05).ConclusionPatients of different gender differ in the clinical and pathological features of primary IgA nephrology.And clinical pathology of male patients is worse than that of female ones.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81200528)~~
【CateGory Index】: R692.31
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