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The Early Forms of Ancient Chinese Military Law

ZHOU Jian 1 JIA Guo wen 2 (1. Militaty Law Department, 2. Post graduate Team, Xi'an Politics Institute of PLA, Xi'an 710068,Chian.)  
Chinese military Law in the early Qin Dynasty is the early origin of ancient Chinese military Law. In that period, the military law included the four relatively important forms: Shi,Li,Lü, Bingshu. The “Shi” originated from Xia Dynasty, and “Ganshi” was the basic military law of Xia Dynasty. In Shang Dynasty, there was“Tang Shi”,and in the Western Zhou Dynasty,“Mu hi” and “Fei Shi”. They were all records of the mobilization order in ancient wars. The “Li” originated from the sacrifice. The patriarchal spirit which “Li”embodied was the core of the militaty laws of Xia Dynasty, Shang Dynasty and Zhou Dynasty .In the Western Zhou Dynasty, the “Li” was the basic form of military law, which had certain stipulations in many aspects including the military administrative law, the military organic law, the military service law,and the military rear service law. The “Lü”which was recorded in inscriptions on bones refers to military law. The “Lü” which acted as one of the military law forms developed and perfected continuously. It is the embryo of Chinese military criminal law. The “Bingshu” in the period of Spring and Autumn and Warring States was one special military law form.
【CateGory Index】: E266-09
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
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6 NIE Zhi-hong (School of Economics,Peking University,Beijing, 100871 China);The Conf ucianists' Ideal Economic World before Qin Dynasty[J];Research On Financial and Economic Issues;2002-09
7 Cui Yongdong;Study on the Legal Ideas of the School Thoughts of War Art in the Bamboo Slips Books of War Arts[J];Jurists Review;2006-02
8 Zhang shi-chao (Chinese language and literature college of northeast Normal University,Chang chun 130024);Researched on Wu Zi[J];Journal of Ancient Books Collation;2002-06
9 Meng Xiangcai(Research Institute of Literature,History and Philosophy,Shangdong Universi ty,Jinan 250100);On the Relationship Between War Art Research of Pre-Qin Dynasty and Qi-Lu Cluture[J];Guan Zi Journal;2005-04
10 Wang Xiaoxue(Zhou Enlai School of Government,Nankai University,Tianjin 300071,China);"SunBin's Art of War":the Course of Diffuseness,the Reason for Lost and Research Values[J];Guan Zi Journal;2008-03
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