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《Journal of Northwest University(Philosophy and Social Sciences Edition)》 2002-02
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On the Nature of Enterprises:A Comprehensive Point of View

WANG Sheng qiang 1,ZHU Fu qiang 2 (1.Academic Journal Monthly,Shanghai 200220; 2.Shanghai University of Finance and Economy, Shanghai 200083,China)  
The doctrine of transaction cost of Neoinstitutional Economics chiefly analyses the nature of enterprises from exchange relationship.It will be benefical to save the cost by means of replacing expernal exchange by internal exchange through the formation of organizations.Marxist doctrine of the increment of value emphasizes the function of preduction.It states that a company is not only a pattern of hierarchial allocation of resources corresponding to the market, but mainly an organization to utilize the resources. The reason why an enterprise is more efficient than the market lies in the increment of coordination among various working sections in the process of production.The doctrine of transaction cost, as well as dottrine of increment of value, has its paticular analysis advantage, the former emphasizing reduction of expenditure, while tha latter stressing broadening sources of income.But there has been respective one sidedness as to these two points of view.The more comperhensive analysis should be the combination of these two views, that is to say, the enterprise theory of dynamic comprehensive increment of income.
【CateGory Index】: F270
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