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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2011-01
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Influence of spent mushroom substrate on fattening performance and blood physiological and biochemical indexes of beef cattle

PAN Jun1,2,CAO Yu-feng3,Lü Chao1,GAO Teng-yun1,FU Tong1,LI Gai-ying1,LIAN Hong-xia1(1 College of Animal and Veterinary Science,Henan Agricultural University,Zhengzhou,Henan 450002,China;2 Aksu Vocational and Technical College,Akesu,Xinjiang 843000,China;3 College of Animal Science,Hebei Agricultural University,Baoding,Hebei 071000,China)  
【Objective】 The research was conducted to study the influence of spent mushroom substrate(SMS) on beef cattle growth performance,physiological and biochemical indexes.【Method】 According to daily gain,body weight and age matched principle,40 Simmental F2 cattle were divided into control group(CG),experimental groupⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ,fed with 0%,20%,40%,60% SMS instead of wheat straw respectively.In the pre-test period and test period each cattle was weighed 3 times and its blood was collected by jugular vein 3 times to measure physiological and biochemical indexes.【Result】(1)Compared with control group,the average daily gain of beef cattle in groupⅠ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ slightly increased by 1.59%,10.32% and 2.38%(P0.05) respectively.(2)The white blood cell(WBC) of beef cattle in 60 days experimental period in groupⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ was 8.31%(P0.05),8.38%(P0.01) and 8.22%(P0.05) lower than that of the control group respectively,but there were no significant influence of SMS on red blood cell count(RBC),hemoglobin(HB) concentration and platelet(PLT) count;the change tendency of WBC,RBC,PLT and HB in the beef cattle blood within 0 day,45 days and 60 days experimental period in groupⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ was consistent with the control group,and the change tendency of WBC was inconsistent with the control group.(3)Compared with the control group,the total cholesterol in plasma of 45 days and 60 days experimental period in groupⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ increased by 4.28%(P0.05),28.79%(P0.01),24.90%(P0.05),5.62%(P0.05),18.88%(P0.05) and 19.68%(P0.05) respectively;the urea nitrogen in plasma of 60 days experimental period in groupⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ increased by 55.51%(P0.01),49.32%(P0.01) and 4.41%(P0.05),respectively;the blood calcium of 45 days experimental period in groupⅡ,Ⅲ was 2.47 and 2.43 mmol/L respectively,extremely higher than that of the control group;the change tendencies of total protein(TP),albumin(ALB),globulin(GLO),glucose(GLU),triglycerin(TG),total cholesterol(TC),urea nitrogen(UN),creatinine(CRE),calcium(Ca),phosphorus(P) in plasma within 0 day,45 days and 60 days experimental period in groupⅠ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ were consistent with the control group,the change tendecies of UR in plasma during 60 days experimental period in groupⅡ were consistent with the control group,and the change tendencies of GLU,UN,TC,Ca,P in group Ⅱ were inconsistnet with the control group,but the change tendencies of alkaline phosphatase(AKP) in groupⅠand Ⅱ,and the change tendecies of UN in group Ⅰ and Ⅲ were obviously opposite to that of control group.【Conclusion】 The results proved that SMS has no negative effects on immune function and blood metabolic indexes,which can be used as ruminants feed with good ecological benefit.
【Fund】: 农业部国家肉牛产业技术体系项目(nycytx-38)
【CateGory Index】: S823.92
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