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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2011-01
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Evolution trend of important characters of wheat core parents Funo and its derived varieties

LIU Xin-lun,WANG Chang-you,WANG Ya-juan,ZHANG Hong,JI Wan-quan(College of Agriculture,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China)  
【Objective】 The objective of this study was to reveal the evolution trend of the important yield traits of Funo and its derivatives.【Method】 Yield,yield traits and agronomic traits of Funo and its derivatives were studied under hole sowing.【Result】 The evolution trend of these varieties is that the plant height decreased obviously,the average height of the forth generation was Funo,only 84.70%,plant type grandually changed from loose to compact,long and narrow leaves gradually became shorter and broader,length of spike,the spike number of single plant,the plot yield,thousand kernel weight and spike grain weight increased;and the number of ear-grains and the spikelet number of principal spike was not improved distinctly.The result of the correlation and path analysis between the plot yield and other traits showed that the relevance pole was exactly notable or notable between thousand kernel weight,spike grain weight and output,height defeated output.While output with length of spike,the spike number of single plant,the number of ear-grains and the spikelet number of spike were not significantly related,and the direct effect of these traits which affected the yield in each generation were significant.【Conclusion】 From the evolution trend of the Funo and its derivatives analysis,we can see that high-yield character of big panicle in the breed has obtained very good delivery,but Funo's many grains per panicle have not obtaind sufficient delivery.Output can be improved by reducing the plant height,improving available spikelet and seed setting rate and combining kernel number per spike with thousand kernel weight.
【Fund】: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2006CB101701-9)
【CateGory Index】: S512.102.4
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