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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2011-01
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Study on the characteristics of anaerobic digestion of mixed chicken manure and rice straw

LI Wen-jing1a,2,ZHANG Tong1a,2,LI Wei1a,2,LI Yi-bing1b,2,YANG Gai-he1b,2(1 a College of Forestry,b College of Agronomy,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China;2 The Research Center of Recycle Agricultural Engineering and Technology of Shaanxi Province,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China)  
【Objective】 The effect of temperature and the proportion of total solids(TS) on biogas production were studied to determine their optimal parameters.【Method】 Controllable-temperature fermentation equipment was used.Chicken manure and rice straw were combined in four proportions(0.5∶1,1∶1,2∶1,3∶1) to achieve 8% TS,then treated at four temperatures(25,30,35,40 ℃).The optimal values for temperature and proportion of mixed raw materials that optimize biogas yield were calculated using multiple regression analysis.【Result】 The results showed that the mixed materials could produce biogas normally under temperatures ranging from 25 ℃ to 40 ℃.As temperature increased,the time necessary for anaerobic digestion decreased.However,cumulative biogas yield did not always increase.At 35 ℃ the cumulative biogas yield was highest apart from those instances in which there was a 1∶1 ratio of mixed materials.There was no corelation between anaerobic digestion time and the proportion of chicken manure and rice straw.An optimal fermentation cumulative biogas yield of 9 290.9 millimeter was achieved when the temperature was 35.5 ℃ and the TS proportion of chicken manure to rice straw was 1.86∶1.【Conclusion】 This research provides a benchmark reference for the anaerobic digestion of mixed chicken manure and rice straw.It demonstrates how to increase biogas yield from agricultural residues.Importantly,the findings contribute to solving the problem of inadequate raw materials use in anaerobic digestion.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(30700482);; 陕西省“13115”科技创新工程重大科技专项(2009ZDKG-03 2010ZDKG-06);; 西北农林科技大学基本科研业务费青年基金项目(QN2009003 QN2009006)
【CateGory Index】: S141.4
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