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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2011-01
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Effect of temperature on nitrogen mineralization on the Qinghai-Tibet and the Loess Plateau

XING Shun-lin1a,1b,LIU Yi2a,2b,LI Shi-qing1a,1b(1 a State Key Laboratory of Soil Erosion and Dryland Farming on the Loess Plateau,b College of Forestry,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China;2 a Wuhan Botanical Garden,b Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan,Hubei 430074,China)  
【Objective】 Temperature impact on mineralization of soil organic nitrogen were studied by comparing the temperature impact on soil nitrogen mineralization of the Qinghai-Tibet and the Loess Plateau.【Method】 The alternate leaching aerobic incubation method proposed by Stanford and Smith were adopted.The arable soil of the Qinghai-Tibet and the Loess Plateau(0-20 cm) was incubated for 210 d under the constant temperature conditions at 15,25,35 and 45 ℃,and during cultivation the organic nitrogen mineralization were determined.【Result】 The soil net mineralization rates of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau ranged from 0.16 to 1.48 mg/(kg·d) and that of Loess Plateau varied from 0.12 to 1.02 mg/(kg·d).In 15-35 ℃,the soil ammonium N net mineralization accumulation of the Qinghai-Tibet and the Loess Plateau responded to temperature change relatively weakly,while the soil ammonium N net mineralization accumulation of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau increased significantly at 45 ℃,much higher than that of Loess Plateau.The soil nitrate N net mineralization accumulation of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau was significantly higher than that of the Loess Plateau at 15,25 and 35 ℃,while at 45 ℃ nitrate N net mineralization accumulationof soil nitrate nitrogen of Loess Plateau was higher.The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau's accumulation was significantly higher than that of the Loess Plateau's in various temperature conditions.The mineralization accumulation of mineral nitrogen of the tested soil was the least at 15 ℃,while it was up to the maximum at 35 ℃.【Conclusion】 We draw a conclusion that the mineralization of soil organic nitrogen in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau responded more sensitively to temperature than the Loess Plateau.
【Fund】: 黄土高原土壤侵蚀与旱地农业国家重点实验室基金项目(10501-247);; 国家重点实验室专项课题(10502-Z4)
【CateGory Index】: S153
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