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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2011-01
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Effects of different fertilizer applications on the N,P and K uptakes and fertilizer use efficiency on winter wheat in the irrigation region of Western Guanzhong,Shaanxi province

ZHANG Peng1,LIU Rui1,CUI Ya-sheng2,WANG Tian-tai3,WU Hong-ke4,ZHOU Jian-bin1(1 College of Resources and Environment,Northwest A&F University,Yangling,Shaanxi 712100,China;2 Station of Soil and Fertilizer,Huxian,Shaanxi 710300,China;3 Station of Soil and Fertilizer,Zhouzhi,Shaanxi 710400,China;4 Station of Soil and Fertilizer,Fufeng,Shaanxi 722200,China)  
【Objective】 The experiment was carried out to study the effects of different fertilizer applications on the N,P and K uptakes and fertilizer use efficiency on winter wheat in the irrigation region of Western Guanzhong area.【Method】 Sixteen "3414" field experiments in Huxian,Zhouzhi and Fufeng County were set to study the effect of different fertilizer applications on the N,P and K uptakes.【Result】 The N,P,K uptakes,fertilizers recovery and partial factor productivity were the highest in the N2P2K2 treatment,which increased N,P uptakes significantly.The N,P,K fertilizers use efficiency were 30.94%,21.65%,41.49% in the N2P2K2 treatment,respectively.The N,P,K uptakes for forming 100 kg wheat grains decreased as the wheat grain yield increased.When the wheat grain yield increased to 8 000 kg/hm2 from 4 000 kg/hm2,the N,P,K uptakes per 100 kg wheat grain reduced by 18%,15%,17%,respectively.【Conclusion】 Therefore,in order to accurately estimate the amount of crop nutrients uptake in making fertilization recommendation,it is necessary to use various N,P,K uptakes to form 100 kg wheat grains according to the level of grain yield.
【Fund】: 国家“十一五”科技支撑计划项目(2008BADA4B09);; 西北农林科技大学拔尖人才支持计划项目(2006)
【CateGory Index】: S512.106.2
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