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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2019-01
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Characteristics and comprehensive quality of whole plant silage of waxy corn

WANG Yunyun;YANG Yinfu;LIN Chongming;GUO Qiang;College of Agronomy,Northwest A&F University/Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Maize in Arid Area of Northwest Region,Ministry of Agriculture;  
【Objective】This study explored the feasibility of using waxy corn as silage to provide reference for the utilization of whole plant waxy corn silage.【Method】Maize varieties including waxy maize(Jingkenuo 2000,Heinuo 1,and Heinuo 191),foodstuff type maize(Zhengdan 958,Xianyu 335,and Xundan20),and silage type maize(Beiqing 210,Quchen 9,and 50096×50923)were selected for analyzing the accumulation of biological yield and dry matter as well as the whole plant moisture content after pollination through two-year field experiments.The optimum harvest period was determined.Then,the whole plant was harvested to produce silage,and the contents of dry matter,crude protein,crude fat,NDF and ADF were measured,and RFV and GI were used to analyze the comprehensive quality of ensilage.Finally,the key index of biological yield was screened by correlation and path analysis,and the correlation of the key index and quality was analyzed.【Result】The whole plant moisture content of all three types was about 700g/kg(in the 1/4-3/4milk line)42days after pollination.Thus,the optimum harvest time was determined as 42 days.GI analysis demonstrated that waxy corn silages were all grade 2while foodstuff type corn and silage type corn each had two varieties in grade 2.It illustrates that the nutritive value of waxy maize was better than foodstuff type and silage type.Correlation analysis of key index and quality showed that increasing ear height can improve the biological yield while decrease the content of NDF of waxy maize,so as to improve the intake of animal.【Conclusion】This study shows that it is feasible to harvest waxy maize for producing silage and selecting the ear height in the premise of lodging resistance can obtain waxy maize silage with high yield and quality.
【Fund】: 陕西省玉米工程技术研究中心项目(2017SXGVZX-01)
【CateGory Index】: S816.53;S548
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