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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2019-01
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Effects of formulated fertilization on photosynthetic characteristics of 'Hanyuan Putao Qingjiao'

XIONG Jing;GONG Wei;WANG Jingyan;ZHAO Changping;TANG Hailong;ZHOU Yubo;SHU Zhengyue;Sichuan Provincial Key Laboratory of Ecological Forestry Engineering,Sichuan Agricultural University;  
【Objective】The photosynthetic characteristics of‘Hanyuan Putao Qingjiao'under N,P and K fertilization were analyzed to provide basis for selecting suitable plant growth fertilizer formula.【Method】This study selected the new variety‘Hanyuan Putao Qingjiao'of Zanthoxylum armatum and the experiment was designed with three factors and four levels of N(0,75,150,300kg/hm2),P(0,30,60,120kg/hm2),and K(0,75,150,300kg/hm2).The stomatal conductance(Gs),intercellular CO2concentration(Ci),net photosynthesis rate(Pn),transpiration rate(Tr),efficiency of water application(WUE),and vapor pressure deficit at the leaf surface(Vpdl)were measured and the relationships between photosynthesis characteristics and fertility amount and environmental factors were analyzed.【Result】Under various ferti-lization conditions,the diurnal variations of leaf Gs,Pn,Trand Vpdlfollowed single-peak curve,with the peaks occurring approximately at 14:00,10:00-12:00,14:00,and 14:00,respectively.Leaf Cifollowed a single-valley curve,with the valley occurring approximately at 10:00-12:00.The diurnal variation of leaf WUEfollowed a double-peak curve,with the peaks at 10:00and 16:00,and the maximum at 10:00.The mean leaf Gs,Pn,Tr,WUEand Vpdlvalues of fertilizing treatments were higher than those of non-fertilizing treatment,while leaf Ciof fertilizing treatments were lower than that of non-fertilizing treatment.The plant growth was greatly promoted and high leaf Pnand WUE were obtained when N,P,and K fertility amounts were 193.0-193.3,74.2-82.8and 174.7-180.0kg/hm2,respectively.Leaf Pnsignificantly and positively correlated with tree height,ground diameter,canopy and chlorophyll content.Leaf Gsand Trhighly significantly and positively correlated with PARand the optimumPARfor leaf Pn was 1 119.1μmol/(m2·s).【Conclusion】Appropriate N,P,and K fertilization could prolong the period of leaf Pnreaching peak,so as to increase leaf Pnand WUEand promote seedling growth.
【Fund】: 四川省农作物育种攻关项目(2006YZGG-10 2011NZ0098-10 2016NYZ0035);; 四川省农业科技成果转化项目(16NZ0067)
【CateGory Index】: S573.9
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