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《Journal of Northwest A & F University(Natural Science Edition)》 2019-01
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Drought resistance evaluation of wild Vitis seedlings in Karst region

REN Feihong;ZHONG Weimin;ZHANG Wen'e;HU Jingming;PAN Xuejun;Guizhou Engineering Research Center for Fruit Crops,Agricultural College,Guizhou University;  
【Objective】This study explored the drought resistance of wild Vitis seedlings in Karst region to provide reference for the utilization of wild grape germplasm resources and the mining of droughtresistant grape genes.【Method】Seven individuals of four wild Vitis verities originated in Guizhou including‘Huaxi-9',‘Huaxi-4',‘Nongyuan-11',‘Fuquan-1'(Vitis quinquangularis Rehd.),‘Maolan-11'(Vitis adenoclada Hand-Mazz),‘Xishui-4'(Vitis flexuosa Thunb.)and‘Nongyuan-1'(Vitis davidii Fo3x)were selected and‘Red globe'(V.vinifera L.)and‘Crystal'(Hybrid of V.vinifera×V.labrusca)were used as control.Five stress treatments of 8,16,24,32 and 40dwere set up for pot experiments to studymorphology,and morphological and physiological characteristics related to water stress.Then,the drought resistance was evaluated by comprehensive membership function and principal component analyses.【Result】Drought stress caused losing of green color and folding of leaves,significantly increased the symptoms of drought and electrical conductivity(REC),and significantly decreased the leaf water potential and relative water content(RWC).At 8dwithout watering,all grapes showed no drought symptoms,while two materials(‘Huaxi-9'and ‘Xishui-4')showed grade 2drought damage symptoms and the rest showed grade 3drought damage symptoms 40 dafter stress.With the extension of stress time,the relative water content of leaves decreased gradually.‘Xishui-4'and‘Huaxi-9'decreased the least by 9.82% and 9.63%compared to 8dafter stress,while ‘Maolan-11'and ‘Red globe'decreased the most by 13.60% and12.94%.With the extension of stress time,the leaf water potential gradually decreased.Compared with 8d drought stress,the leaf water potentials of‘Maolan-11'and ‘Red globe'declined the most by 2.10and2.05 MPa,while those of‘Nongyuan-11'and‘Huaxi-9'decreased the smallest by 1.18 and 1.19 MPa,respectively.Leaf conductivity of grape(REC)was 13.19%-21.75% under 8ddrought stress,and it increased continuously by 38.28%-42.09% under 40 ddrought stress.‘Huaxi-9'had the lowest REC of51.80%,while‘Red globe'had the largest of 62.73%,with the difference of 10.93%.Comprehensive evaluation showed that the drought resistance was in the order of‘Huaxi-9'‘Xishui-4'‘Nongyuan-11'‘Fuquan-1'‘Nongyuan-1'‘Crystal'‘Huaxi-4'‘Maolan-11'‘Red globe'.【Conclusion】V.quinquangularis‘Huaxi-9'had the strongest drought resistance,followed by V.flexuosa ‘Xishui-4'and V.quinquangularis‘Fuquan-1'and‘Nongyuan-11'.They all can be used as drought grape breeding germplasm resources.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目(31560546);; 贵州省高层次创新型人才培养项目(黔科合人才[2016]4038号)
【CateGory Index】: S663.1
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