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《Journal for China AIDS/STD》 2003-01
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A survey on knowledge,attitude and behaviors related to AIDS among the Chinese urban women.

LIU Zhong-fu,YAN Jiang-ying,WU Xue-hua,et al.(Center for STD/AIDS Prevention and Control,China CDC,Beijing 100050,China)  
Objective To understand knowledge,attittde and behaviors related to AIDS among the Chinese urban women and to provide evidence for the implementation of HIV/AIDS prevention and control policies for them.Methods Eight hundred urban women were investigated by self-administrated questionnaires,including their basic knowledge,attitude and behavior for HIV/AIDS prevalences and risk factors,and the survey was followed up with quality control.The informants were from 8 provinces as representative ones in China,and one hundred persons were selected from each province.The chi-square tests were used.Results The effective response rate was 99.0%.(1)More than 90% of informants gave correct answers to the question about the route of HIV/AIDS transmission through sexual intercourse and blood transfusion,but 20% of them were ignorant about HIV/AIDS's transmission from mother to baby.About 50% of informants gave wrong answers to the question whether mosquito bite and dry kiss transmit HIV/AIDS.(2)The correct rates about the answer if people with HIV/AIDS must be placed in isolation or they should continue studying and working were only 27.1% and 55.3% respectively,showing that people had stigma and discrimination against HIV/AIDS.(3)6.9% of informants thought that drugs in small amount do no harm to human; 11.9% of informant's friends used drugs; 0.7% of women used drugs of whom 0.08% were I.V.drug users; 0.7% of informants, husbands used drugs,of whom 0.04% were I.V.drug users.(4)1.1% of informants had several sex partners,2.5% of informants refused to answer this question.(5)77.7% of informants took contraception measure,and only 6.2% of them used the condom in their sexual intercourse.(6)10.8% of informants suffered from inflammation of the reproductive system.(7)85% of informants hope that they can acquire HIV/AIDS knowledge by TV,81% by newspaper and 60% by booklet.Conclusion It is important to publicize and spread the knowledge on HIV/AIDS by media among women for prevention and control of HIV/AIDS.
【CateGory Index】: R193
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