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《Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD》 2010-02
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An evaluation study on HIV risk behaviors and infections in four detoxification centers in Yunnan province of China

YAN Li-ping, DUAN Song, GONG Yu-rong, et al.(School of Public Health, Peking Union Medical College , Beijing100730, China)  
Objective To evaluate HIV risk behaviors and HIV infections within detoxification centers in a HIV prevalent area.Methods A retrospective cohort study design was used. Subjects were drug users who had been exposed to detoxification in these centers for more than 1 year. HIV sero-status of eligible drug users when they entered the detoxification centers was collected and HIV tests were performed before they left the centers. Demographic information, HIV knowledge, out-detoxification center (ODC) drug using behaviors, ODC sexual behaviors, in-detoxification center (IDC) drug use and IDC sex behaviors were collected by trained local CDC staffs. ELISA and Western Blot (WB) were used for HIV screening and confirming tests. Results Four hundred and ninety nine eligible drug users were recruited. Of them 8 reported using heroin within detoxification centers and two of them were injecting drugs. No drug users reported IDC homosexual activities. Of the 214 drug users who were tested HIV negative when they entered the centers, no one was tested positive when they left . Of the 198 drug users who were not tested at their entry, one was tested positive at their departure without IDC risk sex behavior . Conclusion This study found no HIV infections or HIV risk behaviors within detoxification centers. However, IDC drug using was reported , so access to drug and injecting tools should be avoided there.
【Fund】: 中国艾滋病和结核病多学科实施应用科学培训项目(2U2RTW006918-6);; 中美艾滋病防治合作项目~~
【CateGory Index】: R749.64;R512.91
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