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《Chinese Journal of AIDS & STD》 2010-02
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Study on HIV traditional ELISA test and rapid test in relation with their follow up rates

LIN Qi , WEI Da-ying, DUAN Song, et al.(Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Zhangjiajie , Zhangjiajie , Hunan 427000, China)  
Objective To find out whether there is significant difference between the follow-up rates of HIV traditional ELISA test and rapid test as a screening tool, and to explore the factors that influence the follow-up rate, and to provide valuable information for developing appropriate VCT models in this country. Methods Prospective and retrospective studies were used. All the VCT visitors were investigated by face to face interviews and questionnaires, and previous available data was analyzed. Results The average time to get a test result of the rapid detection was only 1 hour, with a follow-up rate of 97%, whereas the time for the traditional ELISA was 4 days with a follow up rate of 74% , which affected the post-test consultation. Even with the same enzyme-linked detection methods, the 92% follow-up rate in STD AIDS clinics was far higher than that of 65.4% in other CDC based VCT clinics. Age and education were also factors influencing the follow-up rate. Conclusion In order to improve the follow up rates of HIV tests in grassroots VCT clinics , it is recommended to use rapid tests instead of traditional ELISA. At the same time, it would be desirable to set up more VCT rooms in hospital based STD AIDS clinics .
【Fund】: 全球艾滋病基金第四轮(编号:2005GF4RW001)~~
【CateGory Index】: R512.91
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