“Transforming Nations” and the U.S. Strategy
The United States divides the major countries of the world into four categories such as “allies”, “periphery States”, “Pariah States” and “the Transforming States”. The U.S. treats each of the four countries in different approaches. At present, since the U.S. has completed its basic strategic readjustments towards the first three categories, “the Transforming Nations” are likely to become the top priority of the U.S. global strategy in the future. “The Transforming Nations” mainly refers to the three major powers like Russia, China and India. They are evolving at the direction of political democratization and economic liberalization, though prospect still not clear. In the American points of view, there not only exists great “uncertainty” in the development of the three countries, but the three countries have the “potentials” to unite into an anti-American strategic alliance, which will constitute a major “potential threat”. Therefore, the U.S. is ready to take two layers of strategies in response to this situation, Firstly, to carry out a policy of “Constructive Engagement”, to lead those countries to a direction in favor of the United States; Secondly, to implement a strategy of “divide and rule” or checking neighbors against one another, in order to prevent them from organizing alliance. Among these three countries, what the U.S. worries the most is China, which is not only left still a Communist country, but also a power rising rapidly. In the future, it is probable that the U.S. reinforce its relationships with Russia and India to check and balance against China. China should seek strategic balance of power among the U.S., Russia, and India.