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《CHINESE ERGONOMICS》 2000-01
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A Comparison of Quality and Process of Design Activities between Chinese and American Groups

FU Xiao\|lan 1,ZHANG Kan 1,ZHANG Qi\|ping 2, Gary M. Olson 2,Judith S. Olson 2 (1.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100101,China;2.University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, U.S.A.)  
The present study compares the design activities between Chinese and American groups in face\|to\|face condition. There were 15 Chinese groups and 19 American groups. Each group consisted of 3 participants who knew each other well. All group were instructed to develop a working prototype of an Automatic Post Office in 90 minutes. The groups' output was used to evaluate the quality of their design. Transcripts of the conversations obtained from the video tapes were used to analyze the process of design. The results showed that there was no difference in average judged design quality between Chinese and American participants. The Chinese and American groups are strikingly similar to each other in several ways, though Chinese groups spend much more time on “meeting management" and less time on “digressions" than American groups did. The patterns of speaking time distribution among 3 participants in Chinese and American groups were 8:5:3 and 4:3:2, respectively.
【Fund】: 中国国家自然科学基金会!(#39770261);; 中国科学院!(#KJ952-J1-654);; 攀登计划、中国教育部和美国国家科学基金会!(#IRI9320543)的资助
【CateGory Index】: G322
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