Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Journal of Chinese Psychology Acta Psychologica Sinica》 2001-01
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update


Guo Yongyu (Department of Psychology, Huazhong Normal University, Wuhan 430079)  
This paper explored the theories about desires and emotions in pre-Qin perio d which is a phase of ancient Chinese psychological history. There were four asp ects about the subject: desires, emotions, theirrelationship, the theorists’ at titudes to desires and emotions of human beings. The paper involved the theorist s such as Confucius, Mencius, Xun Zi, Lao Zi, Zhuang Zi, Mo Zi, Han Fei Zi, and so on. Also the paper discussed the theorists’ contribution to modern psycholog y and the value to modern human being. The scholars of the pre-Qin period shared nearly the same opinion of the nat ure and the varieties of desires. They treated desires from the point of human n ature and classified it into several basic categories. Those desires for food an d clothes were regarded as primary ones. In the discussions about emotions by th e pre-Qin scholars, several points should be paid special attention to: emotions and desires are not separable; man has several basic emotions such as pleasure, anger, sorrow and enjoyment;emotions find outlets in expressions, facial or voc al; it was nice for people to be sincere and to treat others with universal love , pities and sympathy. No systematic theories about the relationship between des ires and emotions can be found, but we may conclude that the emphasis of the pre decessors’ argument was “which was the basis on which the other was produced”. Some scholars such as Xun Zi insisted that inherent nature was the most essential, while the majority took the opposite stand. In this argument, Mencius had a surprisingly radical viewpoint of filial piety, which is in fact a reflection of the subconscious wish of being forever in one’s childhood. He t hought that even though all the desires for music, color, wealth and honor were satisfied, it was still impossible to relieve one’s anxiety, which,according to him, could only be relieved by filial piety to one’s parents. Referring to the treatment of desires and emotions, the pre-Qin scholars mostly agreed to check them. Generally speaking, the viewpoints possessed by Confucius and Xun Zi are r ational and practical, whereas the spiritual freedom by Zhuang Zi, the sentiment s of a savior by Mo Zi, and the heroic personality by Mencius are beyond the rea ch of the common. Lao Zi and Han Fei Zi stood for non-desire and check of the ma ss’ desires, which can be viewed as a conservative thought of politics in the t ime of extremely low productivity.
【CateGory Index】: B842
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Guo Xiaofei(Department of Education,Shaoxing College of Arts & Science,Shaoxing,312000);About the Psychological Thought of the Essence and Adjustment of Zhuangzi's Mood and Desire[J];Psychological Science;2007-01
2 LIU Qi-gang.Department of Psychology,Jilin University,Changchun 130012,China;The Exploration on Ardor Regulation Tradition of Confucianism and Daoism[J];Medicine & Philosophy(Humanistic & Social Medicine Edition);2007-11
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 YU shao-hong(Institute of Linguistics and Literature,Dalian University,Dalian,Liaoning 116622);Making Some Explanaltions to the Inscription in Guazi You(寡子卣)[J];Journal of Anhui University(Philosophy & Social Sciences);2009-04
2 TAN Bao-gang doctor of literature and associate professor,Department of Literature,Xuchang College,Xuchang,He'nan,461000.;On the Relationship between the Bamboo Edition Unearthed at Guodian, the Current Edition and the Silk Edition of Laozi[J];Journal of Anhui University(Philosophy and Social Sciences);2011-02
3 YE Tan (Institute of Economics,China Academy of Social Sciences,Beijing,100836);On ethics and economic gain──the evolution of “Yi-Li”conception and the ethical construction of market economy[J];Journal of Anhui Normal University(Philosophy & Social Sciences);2001-04
4 Huang cheng(Guizhou University China culture academy,Guiyang 550025,Guizhou,China);Tries to discuss the Confucianist "Xin Xing theory" thought formation and development[J];Journal of Anshun College;2007-01
5 WANG Chun\|hong (Department of Chinese Language and Literature,Peking University, Beijing 100871,China);Re\|interpretation of Maoshidaxu[J];JOURNAL OF PEKING UNIVERSITY(HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES);1999-06
6 GU Yong xin (PKU Center for Studies of Ancient Chinese Documents,Beijing 100871,China);Investigation of Addendum Together With Textual Research on The Seven Confucian Classics & Mencius[J];Journal of Peking University(Humanities and Social Sciences);2002-01
7 LI Jia-hao (The Research Center of Chinese Ancient Documents, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China);Ability,Intelligence and Eloquence" in the Bamboo Slips of Warring States[J];Journal of Peking University(Humanities and Social Sciences);2004-02
8 CHEN Lai(Department of Philosophy,Peking University,Beijing 100871 China);The Self Understanding of "Ru":Xunzi's Speaking of Ru and its Significance[J];Journal of Peking University(Philosophy and Social Sciences);2007-05
9 LIAO Ming-chun (Humanities Institute of Qinghua University,Beijing 100084,China );An Analysis of the Credibility of the Late Book of Shang Shu: Based on the Investigation of the Guodian Findings and the mawangdui Silk Boo ks[J];The Northern Forum;2001-01
10 LIAN Xiu-li(Harbin normal university of literature,Heilongjiang Harbin 150080,China);From the spirit the spring and autumn inscriptions of the Chu-State saw the influence of Confucian moral to Chu State-culture[J];The Northern Forum;2011-04
China Proceedings of conference Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 Li Chenyang Central Washington University;The Ideal of Harmony in Ancient Chinese and Greek Philosophy[A];[C];2007
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LIU Ping, YANG Yu-wu, GAO Ying -hong(School of Management of Southwest Petroleum College,Sichuan Nanchong 637001,China);Comparison of Traditional Performance Evaluation and Systematic Performance[J];;2002-06
2 XU Dong-shui ; ZHU Guo-hua;Oriental Management in Network Xociety: the Historical Evolution and Development Trend of Xouth Korea’s Management Culture[J];CONTEMPORARY FINANCE & ECONOMICS;2000-10
3 ( Su Dongshui);Researches on the Culture of Oriental Management[J];CONTEMPORARY FINANCE & ECONOMICS;1996-02
4 Su Dong-shui Zhao Xiao-kang (School of Management, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433);Contemporary Value of the Revival of Oriental Management and Culture[J];Fudan Journal(Social Sciences Edition);2001-06
5 CHEN Wei zheng WU Ji hong REN Pei yu (Business school of Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China);Stakeholder Models Measuring Corporate Social Performance[J];China Industrial Economy;2002-07
6 Fan Hao;Ma Chengzhi(South east University, Nanjing 210018 PRC)(Hehai University, Nanjing 210024 PRC );THE CULTURAL POWER IN THE CHINESE MANAGEM ENT[J];JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT;1994-01
7 LU Yuanqing,YANG Shaogang(Educational Science College in Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210097,China);Frankl:The Power of Spirit[J];Journal of Gannan Teacher's College;2003-02
8 LEI Ti-cui,ZENG Cheng-yi (Jianghan Petroleum University,Jingzhou 434102,China);Theoretic approaching labour power resources administrative philosophy[J];East China Economic Management;2002-02
9 Zhang Daoli;Study on the Sentimental and Emotional Factors and the Use of the Ideological and Political Education[J];Journal of Huainan Teacher College;2002-04
10 XI You min School of Management, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an 710049;New century: challenges and strategies for Chinese management scientists[J];JOURNAL OF MANEGEMENT SCIENCES IN CHINA;2000-01
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Liu Qigang (China Criminal Police College, Shenyang 110854);Relationship Between Emotion Regulation Strategies and Emotion Regulation Competence of Adolescent[J];Psychological Research;2011-06
2 LIU Qi-gang.Department of Psychology,Jilin University,Changchun 130012,China;The Exploration on Ardor Regulation Tradition of Confucianism and Daoism[J];Medicine & Philosophy(Humanistic & Social Medicine Edition);2007-11
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved