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《Advances in Psychological Science》 2017-12
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The application of startle reflection paradigm in the study of emotion

DENG Yaling;ZHOU Renlai;Department of Psychology, School of Social and Behavior Sciences, Nanjing University;State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning, Beijing Normal University;Research Center of Emotion Regulation, Beijing Normal University;  
Startle reflection has been widely used in emotional research because of its sensitivity of emotional valence, individual status and individual susceptibility. It is also easy to carry out and it can directly induce, record and quantify data. The subjective influence on startle reflection is weak too. In the general emotion study, startle reflection show differences in the different emotional valence, between different types of individual characteristics. In the field of emotional disorders research, startle reflection can be used to distinguish between anxiety, depression and so on. It also can be used to predict some emotional disorders and evaluate the effect of treatment. The results of neural mechanism about startle reflection have shown that it is associated with amygdala and Bed Nucleus of the Stria Terminalis. In the future, researchers can expand the research community and application direction, so that startle reflection can better facilitate the study of emotions.
【Fund】: 江苏高校哲学社会科学重点研究基地重大基金资助项目(2015JDXM001);; 清华大学积极心理学研究基金资助项目(第0020344号2015-01-008)的资助
【CateGory Index】: B842.6
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