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《Journal of Wheat Research》 2006-01
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The Biological Response of Different Genotypes Spring Wheat Root System to Low Nitrogen Stress

ZHANG Ding-yi1,3 ZHANG Yong-qing 1,2 YANG Wu-de1 MIAO Guo-yuan1 (1 College of Agriculture, Shanxi Agricultural University, Taigu Shanxi 030801; 2College of Biological Technology and Engineering, Shanxi Teachers University, Linfen Shanxi 041000; 3 Wheat Research Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Linfen Shanxi 041000)  
Three wheat varieties (Jiachun1,Jiachun2 and Jiachun4) were used in order to compare the genotypic variations in total N uptake, N partition between shoot and root and its relation to root morphological and physiological characters under low nitrogen stress with solution culture. The results showed that (1) Comparing with the control group, the spring wheat seedling under low nitrogen stress has small height and short root length. And numbers of root, the activity of SOD and POD of root, total root length, total absorbing area, root dry weight, and active absorbing area and root activity decreased drastically. Jiachun2 was most tolerant to low concentration of N in the genotypes; it partitioned a larger amount N to its shoot in comparison with the other varieties. The percentage of shoot N accumulation to total N accumulation was increased by7.6 % and 8.2%. The utilization efficiency of N also increased by 8.0 % and 9.9%. (2) Total N uptake was significantly and positively correlated to root dry weight, total root length, root activity, total uptake area and active uptake area under low nitrogen stress. This indicates that genotypes with large root systems are able to obtain more N from low N medium. When N is not a limiting factor for plant growth, root morphology becomes less important in N uptake.
【Fund】: 国家863计划项目(2002AA241161);; 山西省科技攻关项目(031008)
【CateGory Index】: S512.12
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