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《Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Medicine》 2019-01
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Influence of different dietary energy levels on fattening performance in 2-3parity culling Holstein cows

YUE Kangning;LI Qiufeng;CAO Yufeng;WU Lei;YU Chunqi;WANG Meimei;LI Yan;GAO Yanxia;LI Jianguo;College of Animal Science and Technology,Hebei Agricultural University;Fucheng Wufeng Food Limited Company;College of Veterinary Medicine,Hebei Agricultural University;  
To investigate the effects of different energy levels on the growth performance,blood indexes and slaughtering performance of the culling Holstein cows ( 2 ~ 3 parities),twenty-four Holstein cows with an average body weight of 540 kg were selected for the experiment.With the single factor method,the culling Holstein cows ( 2 ~ 3 parities) were randomly divided into three groups,8 cows in each group:Group Ⅰ ( low energy level),Group Ⅱ ( medium energy level) and Group Ⅲ ( high energy level). The experiment lasted for 100 days involving two stages. The results were as follows: The average daily gain of Group Ⅱ was the highest,which was 4. 72% ( P 0. 05) and 20. 91% ( P0. 05) higher than Groups Ⅰ and Ⅲ,respectively. Group Ⅱ had the highest average dry matter intake ( P0. 05) but the lowest F/G matter intake ( P0. 01) of all. The increase of dietary energy levels significantly increased the content of cholesterol in serum,and reduced the content of Beta-hydroxybutyric acid. The slaughter rate of Group Ⅲ was the highest,being 4. 83% ( P0. 05) and 2. 58% ( P0. 05) higher than Groups Ⅰ and Ⅲ,respectively. Increasing dietary energy levels promoted fat deposition and improved the meat quality,of culling Holstein cows ( 2 ~ 3 parity). In conclusion: the feeding effect of Group Ⅱ ( medium energy level) was the best. The recommended nutrition for the culling Holstein cows ( 2 ~ 3 parity) with weight of about 540 kg was: in the earlier stage,combined net energy 7. 00 MJ/kg and crude protein 12. 50%; in the later stage,combined net energy 7. 10 MJ/kg and crude protein 12. 00%.
【Fund】: 国家肉牛牦牛产业技术体系建设项目(CARS-37);; 河北省现代产业技术体系肉牛创新团队(HBCT2018130202)
【CateGory Index】: S823.5
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