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《Journal of Southwest University(Natural Science Edition)》 2019-01
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Chromosome Number and Karyotype Analysis of Quinoa(Chenopodium quinoa Willd)

HE Yan;DENG Yong-hui;LI Meng-han;FENG Xi-bo;ZHUO Ga;College of Plant Science,Xizang Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College;School of Agronomy and Biotechnology,Southwest University;  
To investigate the chromosome number and karyotype of quinoa(Chenopodium quinoa Willd)cv.W4,the main line of the species in Tibet,its seeds provided by College of Plant Science of Xizang Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College were used as the plant material.The traditional chromosome tabletting technique was adopted and the effects of the time of pretreatment with 8-hydroxyquinoline and colchicine and with freezing and acidolysis time with 1mol/L HCl on chromosome preparations were compared so as to explore the best method of root tip treatment and karyotype analysis.Treatment with 0.1%colchicine solution(in vitro)for 3hours,and acidolysis with 1mol/L HCl at 60 ℃for 13~14minutes gave the best results.The karyotype formula of quinoa W4 was shown to be 2n(Chenopodium quinoa Willd)=36=32m(2SAT)+4sm,with an asymmetrical coefficient of 57.87%.In classification,it belonged to the category of karyotype 2B.
【Fund】: 西藏自治区重点项目(XZXTCX-2016)
【CateGory Index】: S519
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