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《Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 2008-01
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The genetic toxicity of an invasive plant,Mirabilis jalapa L.

ZHOU Xiao-kui1,MA Dan-wei1*,ZHOU Quan-quan2,HE Wei1,CANG Peng1(1.Life Science College,Sichuan Normal University,Sichuan Chengdu 610066,China;2.Life Science College,Sichuan University,Sichuan Chengdu 610064,China)  
Mirabilis jalapa L.,native to Tropical America,had become a major invasive plant in China.To evaluate the relationship between allelopathy and invasiveness in M.jalapa,the micronucleus test of Vicia fabra toot tip cells was conducted to detect the genetic toxicity induced by the aqueous extracts of M.jalapa.The results showed that the aqueous extracts of M.jalapa disturbed mitosis of Vicia fabra toot tip cells.The mitotic index decreased and the micronucleus frequency increased,and aberrant chromosomes such as micronucleus,chromosome bridge,chromosome break and chromosome lag occurred.These effects were concentration dependent and time dependent.The allelopathic effect of overground organ was stronger than that of underground organ.The water-solubility allelopathic substance in M.jalapa into environment through eluviation and secretion inhibited growth of other plants,and allelopathy may be one of the mechanisms of M.jalapa rapid spread.The micronucleus test of Vicia fabra toot tip cells has great value testing allelopathy of invasive plants.
【Fund】: 成都市科技局攻关计划项目(200638);; 四川师范大学校级重点项目(061k008)
【CateGory Index】: S452
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