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《Southwest China Journal of Agricultural Sciences》 2009-02
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Effect of Different Fertilization Application Manners on Physiological Traits and Grain Yield under Planting Method of TSRI of Older Seedlings with 7 Leaves

CHEN Yu1,MA Jun1*,TONG Ping1,ZHU Ping1,LI Shu-xing1,WANG Gen-qi2,XU Yuan-ming2(1.Rice Research Institute of Sichuan Agricultural University,Sichuan Wenjiang 611130,China;2.Dongpo District Agricultural Bureau of Meishan,Sichuan Meishan 620010,China)  
Effects of nitrogen application regimes,based on the proportion of base-tillering fertilizer to panicle and grain-filling fertilizer supply of TSRI transplanted in 7 leaves stage,were studied on seedling growth,leaf areas,accumulation and translocation of dry matter,content of chlorophyll,photosynthesis rate,the bleeding intensity at basal internode,nitrogen content in different organs in harvest period and yield.The seven treatments were sorted in a descending order of 5∶4∶1∶0,7∶3∶0∶0,6∶3∶1∶0,5∶3∶2∶0,6∶4∶0∶0,10∶0∶0∶0,5∶5∶0∶0 according to yield.The treatments which only using base-tillering fertilizer had a significantly lower yield and it had a rapidly decreasing rate of LAI,a low bleeding strength and harvest indexes.When the ratio of basal fertilizer,tiller fertilizer,panicle fertilize and grain-filling fertilizer was 5∶3∶1∶1,it had the lowest decrease of bleeding strength from the full heading period to the mature period that was benefit of delaying the senescence of the root,and its net photosynthesis was the highest in full heading stage and the net photosynthesis was in medium size during maturity period and the decreasing rate of leaves area was the slowest.Both the increasing proportion of SPAD in early period and the decreasing of SPAD in late period were slow.All the characters were benefit of enhancing the rate of dry matter accumulating after the full heading.
【Key Words】: Triangle system of sice intensification Fertilization application Physiological index Population quality
【Fund】: 国家粮食丰产科技工程(2006BAD02A05);; 四川省育种公关专项(2006yzgg-28)
【CateGory Index】: S511
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