Assembly and disassembly of mammalian chromosome pellicle
NI ZUMEI,JE LITTLE AND LUJI SHI(LC SZE) Shanghai Institute of Cell Biology, Acadmia Sinica, Shanghai 200031, China. Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Science and Engineering , University oj Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. (KIN)
By means of indirect double immunofluorescent staining, the coordination of PI antigen and perichromonucleolin (PCN), the constituent of nuclear periphery and nucleolus respectively, in the assembly and disassembly of chromosome pellicle during mitosis was studied. It was found that in 3T3 cells, during mitosis PI antigen began to coat the condensing chromosome .surface earlier.than PCN did. However, both of them completed their coating on chromosome at approximately the same stage of mitosis, prometaphase metaphase. The dissociation of PI antigen from chromosome pellicle to participate the formation of nuclear periphery took, place also ahead of that of PCN. At early telophase PI antigen had been extensively involved in the formation of nuclear periphery, while PCN remained in association with the surface of decondensing chromosomes. At late telophase, when PI antigen was localized in an fairly well formed nuclear periphery, PCN was in a stage of forming prenucleolar bodies.