A Brief Discussion on Men Yu Community's Organization in Mid Twentieth Century——Study of Community Organizations mentioned in Men Yu Shui Yang Inventory
Basang Luobu;Tibet Autonomous Region People's Congress Standing Committee;
Men Yu Shui Yang Inventory is,so far,the most detailed Inventory that has recorded information about population,territory,tax system of Men Yu in Tibet.At the same time,it is the most valuable references of first hand material.According to Men Yu Shui Yang Inventory and related historical literature and records,this paper summaries the community organizational classes in Men Yu area which is called"Cuo(Ding)"in local language.The study shows that each"Cuo"the community organizational classes in Men Yu has established one person as the chief or"Zuogen/Dingben",one general staff called"Kuomi"or"Zuolie"."Zuolei"and"Dingben"are elected by all the"Cuos"which especially elect middle-aged adults among prestigious villagers.The election is held regularly and reported to the higher level.According the set rules,the"Zuogen"of Nima Cuo is reviewed and approved by Dawang"Liu Liang"(Six Alliances).The other Cuos' "Zuogen"and"Dingben"are reviewed and approved by tax collector or Vice Zongben appointed by Dawang"Si Liang"(Four Alliances"and "Liu Liang"(Six Alliances).Each chief of community organization of"Ge Er Qiong"or"Ding"and"Can"under each"Cuo"is called"Kuo Mi"."Kuo Mi"is elected or appointed by each"Cuo"or"Ding".