On Transcendence of Marana's Theory to Bloom's Frame of the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives
Lu Lingming & Mo Yonghua(Educational Technology Department,Guangxi Teachers Education University,Guangxi Nanning 530023)
Bloom's taxonomy created a precedent for the study of the taxonomy of educational objectives,and also had a great influence on the education during the 21st century.In the modern education system,"education after Differentiated " has become the consensus of instructional designers.The 2001 revision of the taxonomy followed the basic ideas of the 1956 version and re-thinking the lay-out of different elements,also,it put an emphasis on meaningful learning;it is a significant development of the Bloom's taxonomy with a strong sense of scientific and practicality.Compared with the Marana's taxonomy theory which appeared in the same period,Bloom's taxonomy has its unique perspective,it starting from the behavior patterns of humans,based upon the humans' control degree of their consciousness,It subsumed human's four study system——self,meta-cognition,cognitive and knowledge into a unified system,furthermore it build a systemic and well-bedded taxonomy of educational objectives.The new classification will commit itself to breaking the limitation of Bloom's taxonomy and emphasizing on the construction of theory.His theory reflects the mainstream view of knowledge and learner-centered educational concept in the information society.To pursuit a unified psychological basis and enhance the meta-cognition's status and effects during the learner's studying process.At the same time,taking the "self" as the highest level of the taxonomy of educational objectives has a pioneering sense.It broken the "elements model" limitations of the previous taxonomy of educational objectives and enriched the connotation of the taxonomy,with its significant meaning of research and application,it showed it's surpass to the previous theory.
【Fund】： 广西新世纪2010年教改工程项目“NVIVO在师范生教学技能培训中的应用研究”(2010JGB047);; 广西新世纪教改工程“十一五”第五批立项重点资助项目“分层可视化方法理论与实践应用研究”(2009A049)研究成果
【CateGory Index】： G40
【CateGory Index】： G40