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The Research Progress on Molecular Genetics of Pathogenicity of Rice Blast Fungus

HUANG Jun-Li, WANG Gui-Xue(The College of Biological Engineering, The Research Center of Applied Biotechnology, Chonging University, Chongqing 400044,China)  
Rice blast disease, caused by heterothallic ascomycete Magnaporthe grisea, is one of the most serious (fungal) diseases of rice throughout the world. The disease attacks rice plants throughout the season and causes severe yield losses. The pathogenesis of M.grisea is due to a complex process that spans the entire life cycle of the (pathogen.) The process including germination of conidia, formation of appressoria, differentiation of penetration pegs and proliferation of infectious hyphae is controlled by many genes. The interaction between M.grisea and rice is based on the gene-for-gene hypothesis and the defense responses are often activated by the action of the pathogen avirulence (Avr) gene and the host resistance (R) gene. The studies on molecular biology and genetic mechanism of (pathogenicity) of M.grisea have occupied pathologists and mycologists for several decades. The present paper reviewed the (research) progress concerning molecular genetics of pathogenicity of the fungus and its genetic diversity and variation, and summarized research methods for the functional genes.
【Fund】: 教育部重点项目(编号:104158);; 重庆市科技合作项目(编号:7605)资助~~
【CateGory Index】: S435.11
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