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《Hereditas(Beijing)》 2005-06
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Study on the Genetic Basis of Plant Height and Ear Height in Maize(Zea mays L.)by QTL Dissection

LAN Jin-Hao~(1),CHU Dong~2(1.Institute of Crop Breeding and Cultivation,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of CropGenetics and Breeding,Ministry of Agriculture,Beijing 100081,China;2.High-tech Research Center,Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Ji'nan 250100,China)  
One hundred and ninety-one F_2 individuals derived from the cross,Mo17×Huangzao4,were genotyped by SSR and AFLP markers to construct the genetic linkage map,and 184 corresponding F_(2∶3) families were phenotyped for maize(Zea mays L.) plant height and ear height in Changping and Shunyi.A mixed linear model approach and its software were used to detect QTLs with main effect,QTLs involved in digenic interactions and Q×E interactions.In total,7 QTLs of plant height,6 QTLs of ear height,18 pairs of digenic epistatic loci of plant height,13 pairs of digenic epistatic loci of ear height were detected.It was found that 6 QTLs of plant height,8 QTLs of ear height,and 4 pairs of digenic epistatic loci of plant height and ear height had a significant interaction with environments.Genetic components underlying these quantitative traits were analyzed,and the study showed that additive,dominance and epistasis were the important genetic basis of plant height and ear height in maize.The facticity of QTLs,the genetic relationship between plant height and ear height,and the results described above were also discussed for their possible application in molecular breeding.
【Fund】: 国家863计划(国家高技术研究发展计划项目)(编号:2001AA211111)~~
【CateGory Index】: S513;
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