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《Hereditas》 2008-09
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The development and application of method for detecting bovine complex vertebral malformation

WANG Hong-Mei, LI Jian-Bin, HOU Ming-Hai, WANG Chang-Fa, LI Qiu-Ling, ZHONG Ji-Feng Dairy Cattle Center of Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Ji’nan 250100, China  
Complex vertebral malformation (CVM), a lethal autosomal recessive inherited defect in Holstein calves, was newly reported worldwide. The molecular cause of CVM was a substitution of guanine by thymine (G→T) in a solute car-rier family 35 member 3 gene (SLC35A3), encoding UDP-N-acetylglucosamine transporter. It was characterized by stillborn, abortion, and premature birth. The objective of this study was to study the actual carrier frequency of the CVM mutation in a population of Chinese Holstein (=Chinese Black-and-White) normal cattle. The normal 436 Holstein cows and 93 Hol-stein bulls were genotyping by using the Created Restriction Site PCR (CRS-PCR) and Allele-specific PCR (AS-PCR) methods. There were two bulls and one cow in three observed CVM-carriers. In the Holstein dairy cattle and Holstein bull population, the percentages of CVM carriers were estimated as 0.60% and 2.20% respectively. This study provided a more reliable and useful method for extensive screening of CVM and also offers a theoretical basis for molecular diagnosis in Holstein calves.
【Fund】: 国家高技术研究发展计划项目(863 计划)(编号:2006AA10Z1D9);; 公益性行业科研专项(编号:nyhyzx07-036-09);; 山东省良种工程项目(编号:2006LZ10-04)资助~~
【CateGory Index】: S858.23
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