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《Chinese Journal of Sports Medicine》 2009-01
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Development of the Scale of Changing Process of Exercise Behavior for People on Diet

Zhang Xiaoyu1,Mao Zhixiong2,Ma Yongzhi31 Graduate School,Beijing Sport University,Beijing,China 1000842 Division of Sport Psychology,Beijing Sport University,Beijing,China 1000843 Department of PE,Tsinghua University,Beijing,China 100084  
The factors influencing the changing process of exercise behavior of people on diet were investigated,and the Scale of Changing Process of Exercise Behavior for People on Diet(PCS-DP) was developed based on the principle of psychometrics and the Theory of Stage of Change in exercise psychology.Primary questionnaire and justified questionnaire were applied to 201 and 240 volunteers on diet respectively.Factor analysis and correlation analysis were employed to determine the validity of the inventory.Results suggested that there were 6 influencing factors of the stage change in the exercise behavior,and thus the PCS-DP was constructed with 6 dimensions: self control,environmental reevaluation,helping relationship,consciousness raising,counter conditioning and control management.The ranges of Cronbach's alpha and the test-retest reliabilities of the subscales were from 0.601 to 0.782 and from 0.702 to 0.801,respectively.Result also revealed that the fitting indices of the 6-factor correlation model were marginally acceptable.It was concluded that the PCS-DP had acceptable reliability and validity and was an effective basis for planning the exercise intervention program for people on diet.
【CateGory Index】: R87
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