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Retrievals of Over Ocean Precipitable Water from the SSM/I Measurements with Several Regression Algorithms

CHEN Hongbin WANG Pucai SUN Haibing LU Daren (Institute of Atmospheric Physics, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029)  
A SSM/I and collocated radiosonde observation data set provided by the NASDA (Japan) was used to retrieve the total precipitable water (PW) over oceans. The retrieval results obtained with several regression algorithms were compared to the radiosonde measurements. It is shown that : (a) the routinely operational algorithm of Alishouse et al. (1990) yields significant underestimates in high PW regime and overestimates in low PW regime; (b) a cubic correction by Colton and Poe (1994) is not sufficient and globally improves very slightly the retrieval results; and (c) the regression algorithm with the form of brightness temperature (TB) function ln(280-TB) seems to give a little largely scattered retrievals but without noticeable over and underestimates in low and high PW regimes. To improve the estimation of the oceanic precipitable water from the SSM/I TB measurements, a composite algorithm with different forms of TB function in low, medium and high PW regimes is proposed and tested.
【Fund】: 日本NASDAAMSR反演算式项目
【CateGory Index】: TP722.6/P732
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