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《Maize Sciences》 1994-03
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Studed on the Cultivation Techniques for High-yield Maizeand the Indexes of Growth and Developmentand physiology in High-yield Region of Jilin provinceⅡ. Reasons for Increasing Yield of Tolerant to DensityMaize and Main Indexes of Growth and Dev

Yin Zhirui Wang Guoqin Wang Zhenbao (Maize Research Institute,Jililn Academy of Agricultural Sciences,Gongzhuling 136100)  
Under good cultural situation,maize yield levels are mainly determined by the combining ability at the planting density for 45,000 plants per hectare and affected by density tolerance at the planting density for 60,000 plants per hectare. The density tolerance is a synthetic character. Better combining ability is a prerequisite for the maize with better density tolerance (or tolerant to density type). It has not only upright leaf plants but also stronger stalk, more developed roots, better kernels, better emergence seedlings and evener plants et al. The principal reason that tolerant to density maize is good for close planting is that it has better density tolerance. Because of the defferences of the luxuriant level,photosynthetic efficiency and economic coefficient of variety,the main quantity indexes of high-yielding population for 11, ,000-12,000kg per hectare are total photosynthetic leaf-area and duration(3,164,000-4,392,000m2·d·?ha-1),maximum index of leaf-area(4. 25-5. 53), net assimilating rate(5. 76-7. 55g·m-1·d-1),economic coefficient (0. 496-0. 549)and percentage of radiation (22. 8-25. 6% at ear and 8-10% near ground)at early grainfilling.
【CateGory Index】: S513
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