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《Journal of Yunnan Normal University(Teaching and Research on Chinese as A Foreign Language)》 2018-03
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A cognitive study of the semantic features of individual classifiers by learners of Chinese

YANG Juan;School of Chinese Studies and Exchange,Shanghai International Studies University;  
129 freshmen and sophomores who were learning Chinese as a second language in a university in Shanghai completed a Chinese individual classifier test.The results showed that the learners' classifier language background did not facilitate much on their acquisition of Chinese classifiers.Japanese students merely demonstrated a higher accuracy rate than Korean students did on functional classifiers,but they failed to achieve a better performance on using animal and shape classifiers than Western students with a non-classifier language background did.On the other hand,the learners' performance in the test could be attributed to their Chinese learning experience as well as the features of objects denoted by classifiers.Sophomore learners with more exposure to Chinese input and instruction outperformed freshmen in the classifier test.Japanese students were not likely to notice the specific shape features when using shape-based classifiers to denote objects.They also had difficulty in choosing the appropriate animal classifiers.Korean students obtained the lowest mark among the three groups in the shape-based classifier test.It seemed that they had not developed the awareness of the connection between the objects' shape features and their corresponding classifiers.The results of this study can shed some light on the beginner learners of Chinese in a cross-cultural context.
【CateGory Index】: H195
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