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A Fractal Nodel and Energy DissiPation for En Echelon Fractures

Xie He-ping(Chinese UniversiTY of Mining and Tcchnology, Xuzhou)(Laboratory for Nonlinear Mechanics of Continuous Media, Institute of Mechanics, CAS,Beijing)D. J.Sanderson;and D.C.P. Peacock(Departinent of Gcology, University of Southampton, UK)  
Field and laboratory obervations showed that en echelon fractures within fracture zones havea Riedel within Riedel structure. The tensile failure mechanism of formation of en echelon fractures can be described by the pile-upe of shear crack-dislocations . A fractal model can be used to simulate the Riedel Within Riedel geometry , allowing the direct measurement of the fractal dimensions of en echelonfracture systems. The energy dissipation of the en echelon fracture system can be deduced by using afractal damage evolution model which explains the evolution process of en echelon fracture systems.The fractal nature of the fractures can be used to derive an accurate estimation of total energy dissipa-tion.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金和国家教委博士点基金及跨世纪优秀人才基金
【CateGory Index】: P542.3
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