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《Rock and Soil Mechanics》 2001-04
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The research of evolutionary finite element method of the stability and optimization at large cavern group

AN Hong -g ang,FENG Xia-ting (LRSM Laboratory,Institute of Rock and Soil Mechanics,The Chinese Academy of Sciences,Wuhan430071,China)  
With ever enlarging scale of the underground cavern group,a new way of global optimization is badly in need,which would lead to higher efficiency,better structure and minimum cost with assured stability at the same time.Recent developments in Genetic Algorithms(GAs)make it possible to optimally model and obtain global optimal solutions in the stability of large cavern group.A new method of replacement optimization of soft rock mass was proposed and applied to a large cavern group.The method combines FEM and Genetic Algorithms (GAs).At the beginning,a set of initial tentative replacement schemes was randomly generated.The volume of damage zone was calculated for each tentative replacement scheme to evaluate applicability of the scheme.A group of new schemes was then generated by operation of GAs.The process continued until the best solution was found.Compared with the other existing methods,this new method has a faster speed,is easier to be carried out on personal computer,and can obtain optimum solution in global space.An example of application was given.The feasible scheme was obtained and the reasonable suggestions were also given for the safe construction.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金重点资助项目(编号59939190)
【CateGory Index】: TV223
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