Nature Is Reason or Compatibility of Reason and Chi——Comprehensions of Zhu Xi and Wang Yangming on “Nature” of Mencius
Chia-he Tsai;Department of Philosophy,Tunghai University;
This study compares the different interpretations of Wang Yangming and Zhu Xi on Mencius' Original Goodness of Human Nature. Zhu Xi argues that nature is reason and includes benevolence,justice,manner and intelligence,composing the nature of morality. According to Cheng Zi,it is insufficient to address nature without Chi. Thus,Chi with nature of temperament should be complemented,leading to the co-existence of nature of heaven earth and nature of temperament. Wang Yangming's study was derived from Zhu Xi's. Zhu Xi's nature of duality was completely modified by Wang Yangming who regarded nature as compatibility of reason and Chi. This study attempts to judge the dispute between two principal schools of Sung-Ming Neo-Confucianism. In the dispute between Mencius and Gaozi,the positions were revealed.
【CateGory Index】： B222.5