Questions About the Elegy Written by Duke Ai of Lu for Confucius
ZHANG Fu-xiang;Institute of Literature,History and Philosophy,Shandong University;
The ancient elegy written by Duke Ai of Lu for Confucius in the late Spring and Autumn period is the earliest elegy among the extant Chinese ancient books. It has an extensive influence due to Confucius' lofty position in the history of Chinese culture. Previously few scholars have ever doubted its origin.But according to the textual research of Tso Chuan and Book of Rites,the elegy is actually not composed by Duke Ai of Lu at the death of Confucius. Zi Gong's comments in Tso Chuan are also a proof that the elegy is believed to be finished after the death of Duke Ai of Lu. It is supposed that the elegy is composed in a then popular form of elegy,which was frequently used by emperors when they gave a posthumous name to royalty and nobles,in the name of Duke Ai of Lu by Confucius' disciples for the commemoration of Confucius. The origin of the elegy shall deserve special attention when the elegy is quoted.
【CateGory Index】： K225