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《Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica》 1986-05
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STUDIES ON THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF CHINESE RED GINSENG (Ⅱ)

XU Sui-Xu, WANG Nai-Li and LI Ying-Hui (Division of Phytochemistry, Shenyang College of Pharmacy, Shenyang,)  
From Chinese red ginseng (Panax ginseng. C. A. Meyer) ten saponins (RG1-10) were isolated. The structures of these saponins were identified on the basis of IR, Mass (FD-MS), ~(13)C-NMR and chemical evidences, respectively with 20(R)-ginsenoside Rh_1 (RG-1), ginsenogside Rg_3 (RG-2), 20(R) ginsenoside Rg_2(RG-3), 20(R)protopanaxatriol (RG-4) and ginsenosides-Rg_1 (RG-5),-Re(RG-6), Rd(RG-7), -Rc(RG-8), -Rb_2(RG-9), -Rb_1(RG-10). three saponins RG-1, RG-2 and RG-4 were for the first time obtained from the Chinese red ginseng. These constituents may be one of the causes of difference of pharmacological activity between red ginseng and white ginseng.
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