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Characterization and Assessment of Official Dialectal Pronunciations and its Fundamental Dialectal Accents during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

Li Xindi, Chinese Department ,Chongqing Normal University ,Chongqing 400047  
There have been different qualitative analyses on official dialectal pronunciations and their fundamental dialectal accents of the Ming and Qing Dynasties since the beginning of the 20th cen- tury. The paper aims to generalize them on the basis of discussion. Owing to the complicated charac- terization of official dialectal pronunciations recorded in the existing documents, it is necessary to cate- gorize the pronunciations into two series: standard official dialectal pronunciations and local official di- alectal pronunciations, each of which includes many variations on different levels. According to the characterization of the variations, the paper attempts to draw up some rules for practical assessment.
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