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A Study on Loanwords in Mandarin Dialect in Xin Jiang

Xing Xin, Beijing Broadcasting Institute, Beijing 100024  
In the Mandarin Dialect in Xin Jiang, there are some loanwords from minorities. This paper presents the detailed example of these loanwords and makes an analysis on the word-building, usage scale and the origins of these loanwords. In the part of word-building, it analyses transliterated words, half-translitered words and their abbreviated forms. The loanwords are divided into common words, second-rate words and special words according to their usage scale. At last, the paper lists some loanwords of different traces according to their origins.
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