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F0 Normalization:How to Deal with Between-speaker Tonal Variations?

Xhu Xiaonong Hong Kong University of Science and Technology,Hong Kong  
This paper compares six mathematical transforms for F0 normalisation using eleven speakers of Shanghai,a dialect of Wu Chinese.Various strategies for defining range and selecting nor- malisation points are also exploited.The logarithmic z-score transform with normalisation points at F0 targets is found to be superior due to its higher normalisation indices,its advantages in statistics and, perhaps,its accordance with perception and production.
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