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The Origin and the Distribution of the Labio-dental Initials of Zhixi in Zhongyuan Mandarin

Zhang Shifang, Institute of Linguistics, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing 100083  
According to the phenomenon of the strong friction of high vowels in Chinese dialects stated by Shi Rujie, the paper takes this viewpoint as the reason of the evolution of the labio-dental in- itials of Zhixi in Zhongyuan Mandarin. And this paper discusses the historical strata of this kind of la- bio-dental initials based on the geographical differences, and the characteristics of their geographical distributions based on the immigration record from Shanxi Province in history.
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