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Explain the Meaning of "正" on Oracle Bone Inscriptions of Yin Dynasty Ruins

Zhang Yujin, Department of Chinese Language and Literature, South China Normal University, Guangzhou Guangdong 510631  
First, this article investigates the original meaning and formal structure of "■", the relationship between"■"and "足", and whether or not" ■ " and "■" are the same word. Then the article discusses the meaning of "正" in the oracle inscriptions of asking rain and offering sacrifices to gods or ancestors and so on. The article considers that "正" have five senses:1)to go on a punitive ex- pedition; 2)the first(month); 3)suit, fit; 4)be suitable to; 5)official position.
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