On the Semantic, Syntactic and Word-order Typology Properties of Location Word Structures in Flowery Hmong Language
Li Yunbing, Institute of Ethnology and Athropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100081 Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100081
In this paper, the author discusses the semantic, syntactic and word-order typology features on the location word structures in Flowery Hmong language. First, location words are divid- ed into position, location and distance designation, all of which can be combined with noun, deictic, classifier and other phrase structures, such as location word, quantifier and deictic construction to form basic and extend location word structures, in which location words can be served as head expres- sions and modifiers. Second, location word structures act as subject, object, topic and focus in the syntactic construction. Third, on the word-order typology, location words have forward and back- ward order, and use preposition in both adpositon phrases and relative noun constructions on the syn- tactic construction.