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《Linguistic Sciences》 2006-01
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Tonal Contrast and Disyllabic Stress Patterns in Beijing Mandarin

Wang Zhijie1 Feng Shengli 2,31United States Naval Academy,Annapolis Maryland USA2Department of EALC, Harvard University, Boston Massachusetts USA3Beijing Language and Culture University,Beijing 100083  
This paper presents findings of the two authors' collaborative research since 1996 on disyllabic stress patterns in Beijing Mandarin. It addresses one of the most controversial issues in Mandarin phonology as to whether a full-tone disyllabic can appear (in native speech) as a tonal trochee, hence whether Beijing Mandarin has lexical stress on full-tone disyllabics. The study departs from previous positions by introducing a research method relying on tonal contrasts for important evidence of stress. 16 pairs of contrastive patterns of full-tone disyllabics have been established as a model, based on several hundreds of minimal or near minimal pairs tested repeatedly among native speakers. The results indicate that tonal trochees do exist in Beijing Mandarin, especially in colloquial speech, and that these tonal trochees should join the non-tonal trochees to form the language’s lexically stressed category.
【Fund】: 香港城市大学1996、1999年战略研究经费;; 美国海军学院2002年校内科研经费;; 堪萨斯大学科研经费的资助
【CateGory Index】: H116
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