The Diachronic Replacement Between Basic Word “bei ” and “fu ”
Yang Rongxianthe Art College of Anhui Normal University, Wuhu Anhui 241000
In Chinese language history, the verbs which convey the meaning of “carry sth. on the back” have been signified first by the word “fu ” and then “bei”. There exists a diachronic replacement relationship between these two words. “Bei” was first seen in Mid-Tang dynasty and furtherly being well developed in Song dynasty. “Fu” lacks of full explicity when conveying its basic meaning, meanwhile, its core of word meaning deviates from the basic meaning gradually. All these factors have provided the conditions for new verbs coming into being and finally replacing the old ones by the lexeme.