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《Linguistic Sciences》 2010-01
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Discussion on the Simple Conjunction shiyi (是以) in Ancient Chinese

Zhang Ping School of Liberal Arts of Nanjing University,Nanjing Jiangsu 210093  
Conjunction shiyi(是以) in ancient Chinese contains two kinds of structures. The first shiyi1 originates in the combination of demonstrative pronoun shi(是) and conjunction yi(以), and the other shiyi2 comes from the structure of preposition yi and its pre-object shi, which comes into being in a later times. shiyi1 as a simple conjunction simply connects two sentences linking the old information and the new, while shiyi2 as a consequential conjunction indicating the dependency relationship between sentences of result and reason. That is, shiyi1 is a simple conjunction and shiyi2 is a complicated one. shiyi1 always remains at the beginning of the second sentence because of its independence on the following sentence. And shiyi2 can appear between the subject and the predicate because it originates from the interior of the second sentence. As the prepositional function of yi evolves, shiyi1 gradually dies out, giving its role to shigu(是故). Meanwhile, shiyi2 comes into being and futher developes.
【CateGory Index】: H141
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