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A Study on the Co-occurrence of the Negative Adverb méi(yǒu)(没(有))and le_2(了_2)

Zhu Qingxiang Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 102488  
The negative adverb méi yǒu(没有) takes effect on the core predicate level, while the mood particle le2(了2) takes effect on the sentence level, so the scope of le2 is larger than the scope of méi yǒu. If it is possible to change the static characteristics of "méi yǒu VP" in the inner layer to match with the function of le2 in the outer layer, the two can co-occur in one sentence. According to Gestalt Grammar, every aspect of the sentence pattern will affect the co-occurrence of the negative adverb méi yǒu and le2.
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